RB6_7   This paper explores the association between trauma deserts and trauma mortality using counties in rural Illinois as the geographical unit of analysis. Results of data analysis suggest the typical distance to a trauma center in rural Illinois is 14.5 miles. Further statistical analysis indicates that trauma deserts cannot be defined using the commonly prescribed “five-mile radial distance to the trauma center” criterion. A salient outcome of the research is the listing of distances to nearest trauma center from rural zipcodes.